The impact of China's entry into WTO on China's al

2022-09-23
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The impact on China's alcohol market after China's entry into the WTO

the impact on China's alcohol market after China's entry into the WTO

October 8, 2001

this year, China's negotiations for the resumption of Customs and the entry into the WTO have finally become a foregone conclusion. After China's entry into WTO, China's chemical industry will not only undertake the specified obligations, but also enjoy all kinds of rights granted under the WTO system, and participate in international competition under relatively fair conditions. In general, opportunities and challenges coexist after China's entry into the WTO. It is very important to grasp the opportunities, meet the challenges, formulate positive countermeasures, and promote the healthy development of China's chemical industry. Now, I would like to talk about the impact of China's entry into the WTO on China's alcohol market

I. challenges faced by the alcohol market

for a long time, the Chinese government has relied on high tariff barriers and market access systems as well as non-tariff barriers, namely quotas and licensing systems, to protect the healthy development of the national chemical industry. However, after China's accession to the WTO, this situation will take root

natural changes, and 2/3 of the coordinated tariffs on intermediates will be reduced to the growth of China's plastic machinery industry, which has ushered in the growth of science and technology In the golden period of rapid growth, the coordinated tariff of manufactured goods will be reduced to 6.5%. For example, the tariff rate of ethylene glycol in the WTO agreement between China and the United States will be reduced from 14% in 2000 to 7% in 2003, and the average tariff of chemical products will be reduced to 7% in 2008. The "umbrella" is gone, Joining the WTO "It is inevitable that China's chemical industry will be impacted later.

China's methanol industrial production began in 1957. As of 1999, about a number of customers have been inquiring about more than 180 bu6800 new machine production enterprises. In 2000, the production capacity of

was about 3.4 million tons, the output was about 1.987 million tons, and the operating rate was only 58.4%. The production capacity of China's methanol plants was more than 90000

tons/year, only 10 plants, 39 plants with a production capacity of 20000 ~ 60000 tons/year, 45 plants with a production capacity of 10000 ~ 20000 tons/year, and the rest were more than 10000 tons/year Next

the largest output of methanol plant in 2000, the output of Daqing Oilfield methanol plant and Shanghai Coking Co., Ltd. was only about 150000 tons/year

in 2000, the apparent consumption of methanol in China was 3.293 million tons. In addition, the output was 1.9869 million tons, the import was 1.3065 million

tons, and the export was 4.52 million tons. In 2000, China's methanol imports accounted for 40% of its apparent consumption

methanex, the world's largest methanol production company, has a production capacity of about 7.48 million tons/year, accounting for about 40 ~ 50% of the world's methanol supply market. Its production units are distributed in the United States, Canada, Chile, and special 4-ball friction and wear testing machine software control systems are divided into different functional Trinidad and New Zealand

at present, the world scale production capacity is up to one million tons/year. In 2000, Iran's 660000 tons/year and Trinidad and Tobago's 850000 tons/year methanol production plants have also been put into operation

in contrast, China's methanol industry is small in scale, backward in process technology, high in raw materials and energy consumption, high in cost, and low in management level, which makes it impossible to compete with foreign large-scale plants with advanced technology. After entering the WTO, all kinds of protective policies have disappeared, import tariffs have been reduced, and our methanol market is facing a huge impact. Similarly, in 2000, the production capacity of

butanol was about 205000 tons, the output was about 120000 tons, the import volume was 167300 tons, the export volume was 5500 tons, and the apparent consumption was 281800 tons. In 2000, the production capacity of octanol was about 335000 tons, the output was 255600 tons, the import volume was 218000

tons, the export volume was 2000 tons, and the apparent consumption was 471600 tons. In 2000, the production capacity of ethylene glycol was about 1million tons, the output was 907500 tons, the import was 1049700 tons, the export was 01490 tons, and the apparent consumption was 1957100 tons

different from methanol production units, the number of butyl octanol and ethylene glycol production units is relatively small, and the technology is relatively advanced. However, compared with the world's advanced level, there is still a large gap. The common feature is that the import volume of these products is

large, and their market is greatly impacted by the international market

II. Opportunities after China's entry into the WTO

after China's entry into the WTO, the domestic market will gradually integrate with the international market, which is conducive to the standardization of the domestic market, promote the unification of the domestic market, break the local monopoly and provide a favorable market environment for enterprises

it is conducive for enterprises to introduce foreign capital, technology, equipment and management methods, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises with insufficient funds, backward technology

equipment and low management level, so we should grasp the good opportunity

after China's entry into WTO, enterprises can import raw materials with low cost to improve product competitiveness

is conducive to enterprises' products going to the international market and opening up overseas markets. For enterprises with export-oriented and resource-based products, the overseas market prospect is broader

China is rich in coal resources and natural gas resources. Taking advantage of the opportunity of the western development, we should attract foreign capital to build large-scale methanol plants and downstream integrated plants in its raw material production areas, and export methanol to Japan, South Korea, Taiwan of China, and some regions in East

South Asia. Because of the lack of natural gas and other resources in these regions, China's methanol products can participate in the competition in the international market.

facing the tide of global economic integration, Like other chemical industries, China's alcohol industry will face both challenges and opportunities after joining the WTO

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